Spring Data JPA - "No Property Found for Type" Exception

Question

Well, I searched Google and found many results, but none of them was able to answer my problem. So, here it goes.

I am trying to study Spring MVC and Spring Data JPA by doing a minimal implementation of pinterest clone. So, following is the parts of code which I think is relevant to my problem.

Models/Entities

@Entity
@Table(name = "pin_item")
public class PinItem implements Serializable {
    // properties ...
    @JoinColumn(name = "board_id", referencedColumnName = "user_board_id")
    @ManyToOne(optional = false)
    private UserBoard board;

    // getters and setters...
}

@Entity
@Table(name = "user_board")
public class UserBoard implements Serializable {
    // properties ...
    @OneToMany(cascade = CascadeType.ALL, mappedBy = "board")
    private List<PinItem> pinItemList;

    // getters and setters...
}

Service

@Service
@Transactional(readOnly = true)
public class BoardServiceImpl implements BoardService {
    @Autowired
    private UserBoardRepository boardRepository;

    @Override
    public List<UserBoard> findLatestBoards() {
        PageRequest request = new PageRequest(
                     0, PresentationUtil.PAGE_SIZE, 
                     Sort.Direction.DESC, "boardId"
        );
        return boardRepository.findAll(request).getContent();
    }

    // Other Methods
}

Repository

public interface UserBoardRepository extends JpaRepository<UserBoard, Integer> {

}

Now, when I call the findLatestBoards method in BoardService, "No Property Found" exception is thrown on the line return boardRepository.findAll(request).getContent();. Here is the excerpt from tomcat log.

DEBUG LOG

12:28:44,254 DEBUG AnnotationTransactionAttributeSource:106 - Adding transactional method 'findLatestBoards' with attribute: PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,ISOLATION_DEFAULT,readOnly; ''
12:28:44,254 DEBUG DefaultListableBeanFactory:246 - Returning cached instance of singleton bean 'transactionManager'
12:28:44,254 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:366 - Creating new transaction with name [com.tecnooc.picpin.service.impl.BoardServiceImpl.findLatestBoards]: PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,ISOLATION_DEFAULT,readOnly; ''
12:28:44,254 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:369 - Opened new EntityManager [org.hibernate.ejb.EntityManagerImpl@75284194] for JPA transaction
12:28:44,255 DEBUG AbstractTransactionImpl:158 - begin
12:28:44,255 DEBUG LogicalConnectionImpl:212 - Obtaining JDBC connection
12:28:44,255 DEBUG DriverManagerDataSource:162 - Creating new JDBC DriverManager Connection to [jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/pic_pin]
12:28:44,266 DEBUG LogicalConnectionImpl:218 - Obtained JDBC connection
12:28:44,267 DEBUG JdbcTransaction:69 - initial autocommit status: true
12:28:44,267 DEBUG JdbcTransaction:71 - disabling autocommit
12:28:44,267 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:401 - Exposing JPA transaction as JDBC transaction [org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect$HibernateConnectionHandle@370da60e]
12:28:44,274 DEBUG TransactionalRepositoryProxyPostProcessor$CustomAnnotationTransactionAttributeSource:286 - Adding transactional method 'findAll' with attribute: PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,ISOLATION_DEFAULT,readOnly; ''
12:28:44,274 DEBUG DefaultListableBeanFactory:246 - Returning cached instance of singleton bean 'transactionManager'
12:28:44,274 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:332 - Found thread-bound EntityManager [org.hibernate.ejb.EntityManagerImpl@75284194] for JPA transaction
12:28:44,274 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:471 - Participating in existing transaction
12:28:44,279 DEBUG CachedIntrospectionResults:159 - Not strongly caching class [java.io.Serializable] because it is not cache-safe
12:28:44,281 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:851 - Participating transaction failed - marking existing transaction as rollback-only
12:28:44,281 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:559 - Setting JPA transaction on EntityManager [org.hibernate.ejb.EntityManagerImpl@75284194] rollback-only
12:28:44,283 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:844 - Initiating transaction rollback
12:28:44,284 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:534 - Rolling back JPA transaction on EntityManager [org.hibernate.ejb.EntityManagerImpl@75284194]
12:28:44,284 DEBUG AbstractTransactionImpl:203 - rolling back
12:28:44,284 DEBUG JdbcTransaction:164 - rolled JDBC Connection
12:28:44,285 DEBUG JdbcTransaction:126 - re-enabling autocommit
12:28:44,285 DEBUG JpaTransactionManager:594 - Closing JPA EntityManager [org.hibernate.ejb.EntityManagerImpl@75284194] after transaction
12:28:44,285 DEBUG EntityManagerFactoryUtils:338 - Closing JPA EntityManager
12:28:44,286 DEBUG LogicalConnectionImpl:232 - Releasing JDBC connection
12:28:44,286 DEBUG LogicalConnectionImpl:250 - Released JDBC connection
12:28:44,287 DEBUG ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver:132 - Resolving exception from handler [public java.lang.String com.tecnooc.picpin.controller.BoardController.latest(javax.servlet.http.HttpSession,org.springframework.ui.Model)]: org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property board found for type com.tecnooc.picpin.model.UserBoard
12:28:44,289 DEBUG ResponseStatusExceptionResolver:132 - Resolving exception from handler [public java.lang.String com.tecnooc.picpin.controller.BoardController.latest(javax.servlet.http.HttpSession,org.springframework.ui.Model)]: org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property board found for type com.tecnooc.picpin.model.UserBoard
12:28:44,290 DEBUG DefaultHandlerExceptionResolver:132 - Resolving exception from handler [public java.lang.String com.tecnooc.picpin.controller.BoardController.latest(javax.servlet.http.HttpSession,org.springframework.ui.Model)]: org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property board found for type com.tecnooc.picpin.model.UserBoard
12:28:44,291 DEBUG DispatcherServlet:959 - Could not complete request

Exception

The exception is "org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property board found for type com.tecnooc.picpin.model.UserBoard". But, if I understood correctly, the property board is present in PinItem and is correctly mapped with mappedBy = "board" in UserBoard.

org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property board found for type com.tecnooc.picpin.model.UserBoard
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.<init>(PropertyPath.java:75)
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.create(PropertyPath.java:327)
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.create(PropertyPath.java:353)
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.create(PropertyPath.java:307)
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.from(PropertyPath.java:271)
    at org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyPath.from(PropertyPath.java:245)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.query.QueryUtils.toJpaOrder(QueryUtils.java:408)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.query.QueryUtils.toOrders(QueryUtils.java:372)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.SimpleJpaRepository.getQuery(SimpleJpaRepository.java:456)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.SimpleJpaRepository.getQuery(SimpleJpaRepository.java:437)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.SimpleJpaRepository.findAll(SimpleJpaRepository.java:319)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.SimpleJpaRepository.findAll(SimpleJpaRepository.java:289)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
    at org.springframework.data.repository.core.support.RepositoryFactorySupport$QueryExecutorMethodInterceptor.executeMethodOn(RepositoryFactorySupport.java:333)
    at org.springframework.data.repository.core.support.RepositoryFactorySupport$QueryExecutorMethodInterceptor.invoke(RepositoryFactorySupport.java:318)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor$1.proceedWithInvocation(TransactionInterceptor.java:96)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction(TransactionAspectSupport.java:260)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor.invoke(TransactionInterceptor.java:94)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.dao.support.PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.invoke(PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.java:155)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.LockModeRepositoryPostProcessor$LockModePopulatingMethodIntercceptor.invoke(LockModeRepositoryPostProcessor.java:92)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.aop.interceptor.ExposeInvocationInterceptor.invoke(ExposeInvocationInterceptor.java:91)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.JdkDynamicAopProxy.invoke(JdkDynamicAopProxy.java:204)
    at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy147.findAll(Unknown Source)
    at com.tecnooc.picpin.service.impl.BoardServiceImpl.findLatestBoards(BoardServiceImpl.java:45)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
    at org.springframework.aop.support.AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(AopUtils.java:317)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.invokeJoinpoint(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:183)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:150)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor$1.proceedWithInvocation(TransactionInterceptor.java:96)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction(TransactionAspectSupport.java:260)
    at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor.invoke(TransactionInterceptor.java:94)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172)
    at org.springframework.aop.framework.JdkDynamicAopProxy.invoke(JdkDynamicAopProxy.java:204)
    at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy148.findLatestBoards(Unknown Source)
    at com.tecnooc.picpin.controller.BoardController.latest(BoardController.java:31)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
    at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:219)
    at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:132)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:104)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandleMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:745)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:686)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:80)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:925)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:936)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:827)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:621)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:812)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:728)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
    at org.netbeans.modules.web.monitor.server.MonitorFilter.doFilter(MonitorFilter.java:393)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:222)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123)
    at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:171)
    at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:99)
    at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:953)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:408)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1023)
    at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:589)
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:312)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)

I don't get why this exception is thrown. Any idea why it is happening?

Note: I am using Hibernate as Persistence provider. Also, the code portion I put here is what I thought is relevant to the problem. If it is not, let me know and I will update the question with required portion.

Solution

I ran into this same issue and found the solution here: http://java.dzone.com/articles/persistence-layer-spring-data

I had renamed an entity property. But with Springs Automatic Custom Queries there was an interface defined for the old property name.

public interface IFooDAO extends JpaRepository< Foo, Long >{
     Foo findByOldPropName( final String name );
}

The error indicated that it could no longer find "OldPropName" and threw the exception.

To quote the article on DZone:

When Spring Data creates a new Repository implementation, it analyzes all the methods defined by the interfaces and tries to automatically generate queries from the method name. While this has limitations, it is a very powerful and elegant way of defining new custom access methods with very little effort. For example, if the managed entity has a name field (and the Java Bean standard getter and setter for that field), defining the findByName method in the DAO interface will automatically generate the correct query:

public interface IFooDAO extends JpaRepository< Foo, Long >{
     Foo findByName( final String name );
}

This is a relatively simple example; a much larger set of keywords is supported by query creation mechanism.

In the case that the parser cannot match the property with the domain object field, the following exception is thrown:

java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: No property nam found for type class org.rest.model.Foo